DEAN [DANE/DEANE] OF ENNISKILLEN, COUNTY FERMANAGH TO POKENO, NEW ZEALAND
THE DANE [DEAN/DEANE] FAMILY OF ENNISKILLEN - Thanks to Roy Dane for this.
Paul Dane (1647-1745) was the eldest son of John Dane and Mary Veldon, and by right of primogeniture inherited Killyhevlin upon his father's death in 1678.
Paul followed his father in active involvement in the affairs of Enniskillen and was elected Provost in June 1687, serving in that position through the revolution of 1688-1690, a period which was to prove momentous not only to his own life but that of Ireland and of England.
In 1730 Paul made over the Killyhevlin estate to his oldest son, John, and then spent the remaining 15 of his 98 years of life at the Levaghy home of his daughter Margaret (via second wife Eliza Story) and her husband James Ball.
At the age of 23 (1670), 8 years before the death of his father John and 33 years before the death of his mother Mary, Paul Dane married Elizabeth Martin, daughter of Christopher Martin.
By his wife Elizabeth, Paul had two sons. John, the eldest son (b 1670), succeeded Paul by right of primogeniture and his descendents are in the senior line of the Danes of Enniskillen.
John (b. 1670), served with the Enniskilleners in the Revolution of 1688 — 1690, and fought at the Battle of the Boyne. He also served in Wolseley’s Regiment of Horse under Marlborough during the wars in the Low Countries. On 4/26/1708, John, was commissioned as Captain in Sir James Caldwell’s Independent Regiment of Foot. Little is known about his military career apart from the fact it was sufficiently distinguished for him to be personally presented with a jeweled sword by the Duke of Marlborough. He retired from service in 1730 and married Elizabeth Auchenleck and settled at Killyhevlin, which his father Paul (then 83) made over to him. It is through Elizabeth Auchenleck that the hundreds of descendents of John II trace their lineage through the Corrys of Castle Coole, Fermanagh, back to Edward I (1239-1307), King of England, Scotland and Wales, popularly known as "Longshanks" and the "Hammer of the Scots."
Paul II (b 1676), the younger son of Paul and Elizabeth Martin, joined his brother in military service under Marlborough, serving in Sir Gustavus Hume’s Regiment of Dragoons, rising to the rank of Lieutenant, and died in action in 1707 (buried in Enniskillen on 4/8/1707) before reaching the age of thirty apparently leaving no spouse or children.
At the age of 33 Paul Dane, son of Captain John and Mary Veldon, married his second wife, Eliza Story (m 9/18/80). It is assumed his first wife, Elizabeth Martin, had died, but there is no record of her death in the family file.
By his wife Eliza, Paul had twelve more children, 5 sons and 7 daughters. The youngest, Martin, was born 1700, when Paul was 53.
It is from this second brood, specifically from Christopher (1684-1727), the eldest son of Paul and Eliza, that our lineage issues. Ironically, given half-brother John’s marriage to the "Longshanks" line of Elizabeth Auchenleck, it is through Chrisopher's wife, Mary and the Hamiltons of Monea Castle, Fermanagh, that the secondary line of the Danes of Enniskillen trace a lineage back to Robert the Bruce (1274
The multi-century tradition of the Danes of Enniskillen includes the claim to have come to Ireland / Ulster / Fermanagh / Enniskillen from Somerset, England, in the reign of Elizabeth (1558-1603) and to have acquired the seat of Killyhevlin from Sir Paule Poule Gore (1st Baronet of Magherabegg, Co Donegal 1621-1622) who had obtained a grant of lands to be settled by English tenants in 1611.
The 4th Earl of Belmore, a 'cousin' in the Dane clan, concluded in his "History of Two Ulster Manors" (1903), from research conducted at Somerset House and the British Museum, that there are several related families in England named Dane, Dean and Deane who derived from a common (likely Norman) source.
Burthcheal, Deputy Ulster King of Arms, confirmed to geneology researcher *James Whiteside Dane* in a letter dated 1/6/1915 that, based on the high correlation in matches among various armorial bearings in the two family Coat of Arms, the Danes of Enniskillen likely originated from the Danes of Wells, Somerset, England where a John Dane held office in the 1540's in the famous Cathedral.
JOHN DANE / DEANE (Captain of Dragoons)
Regardless of the historic claim to have been in Ireland before 1603, the earliest documented direct linkage we presently have between Danes of today to the yesteryear Danes of Enniskillen is the recorded marriage of John Dane to Mary Veldon in 1645.
Tradition has it that John Dane was a Captain of Dragoons and there are several records that support such a conclusion but none that unequivocally prove the claim.
Mary Veldon was the daughter of Peter Veldon. According to records Peter Veldon was a well established "gentleman" and likely a life-long resident of Enniskillen.
A Joseph Dane/Deane appears in many of the same post-1645 records as our John Dane/Deane but a connection has never been verified. Some researchers speculated Joseph was John's father but the subsidy rolls and hearth rolls from the 1660s suggest Joseph was slightly less well off and may have been a younger brother or not closely related at all.
There is no trace in the family file of any connection (beyond similar last names/locations), or of Joseph's age, or of whether he had a family. There are records from Somerset of a couple Joseph/John father/son relationships in roughly the right period but I have no present way of tracing/linking across the Irish Sea.
There was a John Deane also listed in O'Hart's Irish Landed Gentry as one of 24 Military Officers of 1649 when Cromwell came to Ireland. The Calendar of State Papers, Ireland, also noted that a John Deane arrived in Ireland in 1647 having been allotted an "Adventurer's Share" of land. No listing of such grant has been found and the dates 1647 and 1649 do not comport with the John Dane who was married and settled in Ireland in 1645.
John Dane died in 1678 and his will suggests he was Protestant but his wife, Mary, was Catholic. Having married a Catholic did not alleviate the bias of the times and John in his will specifically granted his children "who shall goe to church" far more inheritance than the pittance he left his children who "goeth to mass."
John Dane and Mary Veldon had five children; two sons and three daughters. The eldest son was Paul Dane born in 1647. It is through Paul that our lines descend.
The second oldest son was Richard who married Deborah Cole on
10/22/1672. She was the daughter of Sir Michael Cole who along with
Richard's brother Paul Dane was to play a significant role in the
history of Enniskillen as well as of Ireland and England. Richard had a
daughter, Jane Dane, who died shortly after birth in 1673.
The only other record of Richard was a Vestry entry regarding the 8/24/1681 baptism of his son Richard Dane. The entry suggests that Richard had re-married (Rebecca). There are no other records regarding Richard in the family file but there is a tombstone in Monea churchyard inscribed "Richard Dean d 8/17/1702" that is thought to be the same person.
Richard's line presently only traces in our files one more generation through his son Richard Dane to his Grandson William Dane who was mentioned in the will of Paul's son John Dane II. William was Deputy Keeper of the Rolls (1745-1747) and was made a Freeman of Lisdericke in 1738. The family file has no other trace of Richard's line.
The eldest daughter, Elizabeth Dane, is recorded in the Vestry records as marrying John Clarke in 1673. John was the son of Robert Clarke who 15 years later with Sir Michael Cole and my Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great Grandfather Paul Dane, Provost of Enniskillen, and Great-Great-Great-Great-Great-Great Grandfather Gustavus Hamilton of Monea Castle, played significant roles in the history of Enniskillen, Ireland and England. The family file has no other trace of Catherine's line or future.
Elizabeth's sister, Anne Dane, married Andrew Steward (no confirmed connections to the Steward's of Enniskillen) in 1679 but there are no other records in the family file regarding their children or their future.
The last daughter, Catherine Dane, died unmarried 11/22/1733 in Levaghy and her will confirms that at least one of John's offspring did "goeth to Mass." The differences in faith, however, did not seem to adversely impact the relationships between siblings, because in her will she referred to stock grazing rights at Killyhevlin, Paul's estate, and left Paul all her cattle and also left Paul and certain of his his progeny 5 times more cash than she granted in her will to the "Roman Poor" and her parish priest Father Edward Maguire.
Paul Dane was elected Provost of Enniskillen in June 1687, at the age of 41, and served in that position until September 1690. A portrait of Paul the Provost, reportedly betraying a slight double chin, still exists. Sir Louis Dane purchased such a portrait labeled "Paul Dane of Killyhevlin by Mary Beale" in 1939. Sir Louis left the portrait to his son, Major Norman Dane, noting the belief the portrait had been painted in Paul’s later years as an attempted recreation of Paul’s appearance during his tenure as Provost.
A Short History of Enniskillen Prior to the Revolution of 1688-1690
A settlement on the site of Enniskillen, situated as it is on the shorelines between Upper and Lower Lough Erne, with access to the sea via the Erne River, has existed since pre-historic times. The Maguires built the first Ennikillen Castle in the early 15th Century and it was a focal point for Irish resistance to the spread of English Tudor domination in the 16th Century.
The castle and town exchanged hands between the Irish and the English several times between 1594 and 1607. Captain William Cole captured the castle and town for the English in 1607, receiving a patent on September 1612 to bring 20 English families to Enniskillen to begin a plantation to help hold and secure the area for James I of England.
The rising of the Ulster Irish in 1641 caused panic among the settlers of Enniskillen which, due to the cleansing and massacre of other settlers from the countryside, towns and counties surrounding Enniskillen, became the last stronghold of English/Scot Protestants in central Ulster. The tales of massacred settlers and the settler mentality of besiegement would play a significant role in the Revolution of 1688-1690 and no small part in the subsequent history of Enniskillen.
After James II succeeded his brother Charles II to the English throne he appointed an Irishman, the Earl of Tyrconnel, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland with the stated aim of having the plantations undone, the English/Scot Protestant settlers uprooted, their lands confiscated and land ownership transferred to the Irish Catholic Gentry.
When Paul Dane received a letter in December 1688 from Tyrconnel’s secretary that Tyrconnel had dispatched troops from Dublin to Enniskillen to enforce the edict of James II, rumors were already flying among the settlers that the Irish Catholics, as in 1641, intended to massacre the settlers. William, Prince of Orange had landed in Torbay a month earlier to challenge James for the throne of England, but in early December 1688 when Paul received the letter James II still held the throne and crown; he was still King of England.
Many Enniskilleners petitioned Paul with the argument that resistance to Tyrconnel’s order would be treasonous, and that given James II alliances with the Irish Gentry, the French and the overwhelming numbers of the Irish rabble, any resistance to the troops would be futile. Paul called a full meeting of the electors, and with the particular assistance of Gustavus Hamilton of Monea Castle, who would soon be appointed by Paul and electors as Military Governor, persuaded the assembly of the need to resist and keep the troops of Tyrconnel/James II out of Enniskillen.
Paul also sent out a call for aid to the remaining settlers in the countryside and although many of the English landed gentry had fled the area, many of the Scot Presbyterian settlers in Ulster flocked to Enniskillen with their families and formed the lion’s share of the resistance militia that was subsequently organized.
On the morning of Sunday, December 16, word reached Paul that the troops of James II were near at hand. As the troops came on they met many Irish Catholic commoners, many of whom had been turned out of town as a precaution, who gave the approaching troops an alarming account of the numbers and attitude of the Enniskilleners. When Tyrconnel’s trained regular troops finally met the equally numbered but ill-trained and hastily organized foot and horse of the Enniskilleners, the rumors spread by Irish Catholic commoners had taken hold among Tyrconnel’s troops and in their misplaced fear fled the field without even attempting to parley.
After resisting the troops of James II in December 1688, thus triggering the Protestant Revolution in Ireland, Paul Dane and Gustavus Hamilton continued to rigorously build and train the Enniskillen militia, including in their number Paul’s only son over the age of 16 years (John).
In March 1688 they formally declared their allegiance, and that of their loyal troops, to King William of Orange. The actions of Paul Dane and Gustavus Hamilton helped raise a regiment of horse, two regiments of dragoons and three regiments of foot among the Enniskilleners. Unlike their besieged and starving compatriots in Londonderry, however, the Enniskilleners were able to strike out successfully against the forces and supply routes of James II troops and win provisions on their expeditions.
The Enniskilleners were a brash brood that launched frequent and lengthy expeditions, one time penetrating to within 27 miles of Tyrconnel’s HQ in Dublin, and struck fear in the hearts of Tyrconnel’s troops. When Gustavus Hamilton fell ill, Colonel Wolsley assumed command of the Enniskilleners and during the decisive Battle of Newtown Butler led them to a decisive victory in a battle in which the Enniskilleners lost two officers and 20 other men against an admitted loss among James II troops of 3,000 killed, or drowned in the Lough, or missing.
After the Battle of Newtown Butler the Enniskilleners were no longer threatened by any of the forces of James II and were thus free to move against the Duke of Berwick and therefore instrumental in raising the siege of their brethren in Londonderry.
The fierceness and commitment of the Enniskilleners, raised from a town not exceeding 2,000 souls, and their ability to confound, disrupt, strike fear into and defeat the overwhelming forces of James II was regarded as nothing short of a miracle and won them enduring fame. Their reputation was such that when King William finally landed in Ireland to directly confront James II, his French allies and their troops, he asked to be put at the head of the Enniskillener column on July 12, 1690, when they spear-headed the tide-turning ‘charge at the ford’ at the Battle of the Boyne and the final decisive victory that defeated the last Catholic King of England and firmly placed Protestant King William and Queen Mary on the throne.
The Enniskilleners were honored at the Battle of the Boyne by being paid the same rate as the regulars under William despite protests from the King’s advisors that the Enniskilleners were "mostly peasants." The regiments of ‘regulars’ under William are now largely if not entirely past history, and the Enniskillener regiment of horse were also eventually disbanded (1698).
The Enniskillener dragoons, however, were attached to the regular army and became known as the Inniskilling Dragoons, whilst the Enniskillener foot was attached to the army as the Inniskilling Fusiliers. Both regiments, initially formed from "peasants" and Ulster-Scot riff-raff by Paul Dane and Gustavus Hamilton, continued to carry the fame of Enniskillen and the reputation of the Enniskilleners around the world for over 300 more years, well into the later part of the 20^th Century, and their regimental colors are still flying today within the British army.
Paul and his son, John, fought along side William at the Battle of the Boyne, and after the final victory King William summoned Paul and
personally thanked him for the critical part he played in the Protestant Revolution and for the magnificent bravery, skill and fortitude of the Enniskilleners. It was at this meeting that King William gave Paul the solemn promise that there would always be a place reserved for Paul and his descendents in the service of the British Crown.
After returning to England the King personally commissioned portraits of himself and Queen Mary as gifts to be sent to Paul Dane. Paul donated the portraits of William and Mary to the town, and until their 300th birthday recently they hung proudly in the Civic Suite of the Town Hall.
They are now kept out of public view in climate-controlled storage at the Enniskillen Museum, but if you tell them you are a descendent of Paul Dane they will carefully pull them out of storage and display them for your private viewing.
It is a measure of the renown and esteem in which he was held that upon Paul’s death on 1/4/1745 at the age of 98, the following obituary appeared across the Irish Sea in the London newspaper, Faulkiner’s Journal:
"Saturday 7th night, died in Enniskilling, Mr. Paul Dane in the 98th year of his age. He was Provost of that town three years together, during the late wars of this Kingdom, and did in the execution of his office such singular service to the Government, in which he spent his private fortune, as induced King William of immortal memory to send for him and to say that such of his family as were capable of serving the Government should be provided for."
My mother is from Londonderry (a.k.a., "Derry") and traces her lineage to the beleaguered defenders of that city in the Protestant Revolution of 1688-1690.
Dr W F Marshall wrote of the contribution of Londonderry’s and Enniskillen’s rather odd oil/water mixture of Scottish Presbyterians and English Episcopalians:
"They were twain when they crossed the sea,
They cheered as the Gates were barred
And they cheered as they passed their King
To the ford that daunted none,
For, field or wall, it was each for 'all
When the Lord had made them one."
There is another famous refrain related to the Protestant Revolution of 1688-1690, however, that highlights the particular historical import of the Enniskilleners;
"The Derry Men saved a City. The Enniskillen Men saved a Kingdom." The ‘City of the Foyle' (Derry) was a refuge where many would defiantly die from hunger and destitution, but the ‘Castle on the Erne’ (Enniskillen) emerged as a power house, radiating energy to its garrison, a source of encouragement to its northern neighbors under siege, and a symbol of defiance and death to its enemies.
At the Ford of the Boyne, where a Scottish Catholic King was fighting a Dutch Protestant Prince for the English crown on an Irish River with the embattled armies of Europe on either bank (with large contingents of Catholics among William’s force and large contingents of Protestants among James’), it was the Enniskillen descendents of Scot and English settlers, "mostly peasants," who held the day.
At the crisis in the fighting on the Boyle, when the Jacobite Horse were charging, King William uttered words that have never been forgotten by Enniskilleners - "Gentlemen, I have heard much of you. You shall be my guards today. Let me see what you can do."
The Enniskilleners then demonstrated to William that they were still true to the famous words written to Mountjoy by Gustavus Hamilton almost two years before...
"We stand upon our guard and do resolve by the blessing of God rather to MEET our fate than EXPECT it."
The indomitable defiant spirit of the Enniskilleners would ring loud for centuries in the tributes of friend and foe alike, such as in the words of Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the world's greatest soldiers, who when his own world was breaking around him at Waterloo, saluted the
Inniskilling Dragoons and Inniskilling Fusiliers as "The Men with the
Castles on their Caps, who never know when they are beaten."
Such indomitable and defiant attitude was exemplified in the political leadership of Paul Dane/Dean/Deane and the military leadership of Gustavus Hamilton who, when surrounded by a population hostile to such ‘heretics, with trained enemy soldiers dispatched to arm the hostile ‘natives’ and closing in to subdue the ‘heretics,’ and with not "ten pounds of powder, not twenty firelocks fit for use" amongst them and their town folk, daringly resolved to not only resist the oppressors but to boldly march out and meet them.
It is from such men (Paul and Gustavus), willing to risk their lives and fortnes for family, honor and principle, that the secondary line of the Danes of Enniskillen, the line of our fathers and grandfathers, descends.
As noted in Faulkiner’s Journal upon Paul’s death, Paul had "spent his private fortune" in the Revolution. Gustavus did the same. The estate of Paul, Killyhevlin, and the estate of Gustavus, Castle Monea, were both severely damaged in the Revolution. Both estates were rebuilt after the Revolution, but neither Paul nor Gustavus fully recovered from the financial losses suffered in the Revolution. Both estates were bequeathed by right of primogeniture to the eldest sons (e.g., John Dane of the primary branch) but little fortune was left for other offspring or to maintain the estates, which were eventually lost to the Danes and Hamiltons of Enniskillen. There is, however, a wonderful classy old hotel at Enniskillen, The Killyhevlin, that incorporates remnants of the Dane manor rebuilt after the Revolution (the view of the Erne and the Sunday brunch are exceptional) and uninhabited Monea Castle is a historical landmark.
The issue of the Dane/Hamilton union (Christopher Dane and Mary Hamilton) would eventually move from the Dane/Hamilton estates of Killyhevlin/Castle Monea to the small townlands and farms of western Fermanagh (e.g., Boho) and intermarry with the local Ulster-Scot farmers and craftsmen who had been the critical core of the ‘mostly peasants" Enniskillen militia formed by Paul and Gustavus.
The descendents of Paul and Gustavus (the secondary line of Danes) were thus not bequeathed with either title or fortune. Paul and Gustavus, however, were the issue of pioneer settlers with all the courage, fortitude and dedication one associates with pioneers in a new land. Judging from the successful exploits of their pioneering progeny scattered around the globe one cannot help but surmise that there are factors far more valuable than title and material fortune that may have been ‘bequeathed.’
On the 9/18/1680 at the age of 33, seven years prior to his election as Provost, Paul Dane married his second wife Eliza Story.
Eliza Story was the Daughter of Joseph Story, Bishop of Kilmore, County Cavan. Joseph’s wife, Eliza’s mother, was Elizabeth Martin. This Elizabeth Martin was the sister of Christopher Martin who was the father of Paul’s first wife of the very same name. Thus Paul’s two wives, Elizabeth and Eliza, were first cousins.
There is no record of Eliza’s age when she married Paul, but she was apparently young enough to produce at least 12 children over 19 years, and raise most of them and Paul’s two young sons from his first marriage to Elizabeth, to adulthood. Eliza died on 9/27/1727, 18 years before Paul, and only 9 days after the 47th anniversary of their union.
A study of the history of Dane males from Paul’s lines reveals a peculiar tendency that, when not dying young (many KIAs in military duty), they tend to marry rather late in life, live rather long lives and generally outlive their younger spouses.
The Family of Paul and Eliza
The info on the children of Paul and Eliza ranges from rather detailed to rather sketchy:
Mary — b. 1681. Apparently died umarried.
Margaret — b. 1683. Married James Ball of Levaghy and had a son James, who witnessed the Provost’s will. James Ball would marry his cousin Elizabeth Dane, and have at least one child, William Ball. Nothing more is known of this line.
Christopher — b. 1684. Married Mary Hamilton, daughter of Gustavus Hamilton of Castle Monea. Christopher and Mary were the wellspring of those we refer to as the ‘Secondary Line’ of the Danes of Enniskillen. It is interesting to note that Christopher died on the exact same date as his mother Eliza, 9/27/1727, 18 years before the Provost’s death, and three years before Killyhevlin was given over to Paul’s oldest son John.
Elizabeth — her name and identity as Paul/Eliza’s daughter is recorded in family records but nothing else is known about her life and death.
Jane — noted in family records as dying young (before baptism?)
William — b 1690. Likely named after King William, family records indicate William later entered the military service and was killed in action. There are no details on dates, military units or places, or whether he ever married and had issue.
Wilhelmina — b 1692, apparently died umarried.
Thomas — b 1693. Was a scholar at Trinity College Dublin 1711 (BA 1713). Took Holy Orders and was Curate of Tynan, County Armagh, 1754-57. He was executor of the Provost’s will and is mentioned in the will of his half-brother John (Primary Line). He married (no details on wife) and had at least one child, Elizabeth (b. 1725), who at a rather young age would marry her cousin James Ball, son of Thomas’s sister Margaret, and beget at least one child (William b 11/20/1742) of which no more is known.
Richard — b 1694. A scholar that entered TCD the same year (1711) as his older brother, Thomas, but apparently died (1713) unmarried and without issue before completing his studies.
Eleanor - her name and identity as Paul/Eliza’s daughter is recorded but nothing else is known about her life and death.
Catherine — b 1698. Married William Moore and had a son, Paul, who was bequeathed a sum in the Provost’s will. Nothing more is known of this line, but researchers suspect William Moore was from the Moore’s of Tyrone and that Catherine may have moved to that County. The Moore’s of Tyrone would factor again in the Dane lineage.
Martin — b 1700. Entered TCD in 1718 (BA 1722) and was Curate of Enniskillen in 1726-1731 and Rector of Roddanstown, County Meath, from 1731 until his death in 1742. There is a monument erected by his parishioners to his memory at Roddanstown. When Paul made over Killyhevlin to his oldest son John, he named Martin as John’s successor to Killyhevlin in the event that John had no issue (the only other son of Paul still alive in 1730 was Thomas). Martin and His Family - Martin married Mary Donlavie and they had three sons; Paul KIA in Spain, Martin KIA in Spain and William (1737-1798) who had two sons and a daughter. William’s sons William and Martin were commissioned as officers in the 4th King’s Own Regiment and during the Peninsular War were among the 5,000 British casualties at the victory at Cuidad Rodrigo. William and Martin were KIA during the storming of the French stronghold of Badajoz in that city, they had no spouses or issue. William’s daughter Eleanor married William Grahame in 1761 and had issue but nothing more is known of that line.
It is interesting to note that a century later, in 1912 during the Centenary memorial of the Storming of Badajoz, Major D.S. Browne presented the Dane family (Primary Line) with a silver cup which Lieutenant Martin Dane had bequeathed Major Browne’s ancestor, Lieutenant John Browne, of that Regiment. The silver tumbler was last known to have been in the possession of Richard Percy Dane of New Zealand, who in 1912 was the eldest male of the Primary Line and thus head of the family.
An inscription on the tumbler reads: /"Previous to our moving forward to the Storm of //Badajoz// on //6 April 1812// Lt. M. Dane, 4th Kings Own Regt., bequeathed to me this cup in case he was killed that night. He sleeps in that Fortress with many other Brother officers and friends in the Bed of Honour. — J. Browne, Lieut. 4^th Kings Own Regt.-
Despite Paul Dane’s large family of 14 children (seven sons and seven daughters) he outlived virtually all of them. From such a large brood our present history book is sadly limited largely to the family (Primary Line) of the eldest son of his first union, John, and the family (Secondary Line) of the eldest son of his second union, Christopher.
Although the paternal line apparently traces its blood and guts to Somerset, England, and a likely Norman origin, we can see that the various converging maternal lines since 1645 have introduced the blood and guts of the Scots and Irish.
Descent along the Secondary Branch.....
Christopher Dane/Dean/Deane, eldest son of Paul Dane/Dean/Deane and Eliza Story, was born in 1684, so was too young to have played any part in the stirring times of the Revolution. He grew to manhood at Killyhevlin under the tutelage and care of his father Paul and Mother Eliza whilst his older half-brothers John and Paul were off fighting Marlborough’s wars. Christopher’s marriage to Mary Hamilton joined two of the most prominent family names of the Revolution.
Christopher appears to have stayed at Killyhevlin for a few years after his marriage to Mary Hamilton in 1707, as in 1709/1710 he and his father Paul signed an administration bond relating to the estate of William Hamilton, Mary’s brother, in which both are described as "of Killyhevlin." There is strong evidence, however, that Christopher and Mary shortly moved out of Killyhevlin and set up house on Hamilton land near Castle Monea.
The Children of Christopher and Mary:
Christopher and Mary had eight children, born between 1709 and 1726, recorded in the Vestry Book of Enniskillen, but it is clear the public and parish recordkeeping of the area of Monea was less diligent and complete than that of Enniskillen.
Paul — b1709. Married Catherine Lipsett and is the sole known generational link between the Secondary Branch Danes of today and Christopher/Paul the Provost/Capt. John.
Jane — b1711 Nothing more is known. Presumed to have died before 1727.
James — b1712 (died at 1 week of age)
Richard — b1714 (died at 3 years of age)
Elizabeth — b1714 (twin of Richard and died at 1 week of age)
Elizabeth (2nd ) — b1716. Other than reference in Christopher’s will of 1727 nothing more is known.
Martha — b1718. Other than reference in Christopher’s will of 1727 nothing more is known.
Unnamed Child — b1726 (died at birth)
As previously noted, Christopher died on 9/27/1727 (the same day as his mother) before any of his children had reached the age of majority. Christopher was not, however, his father’s heir and although Mary outlived her father, brother (heir to Castle Monea) and her husband Christopher, she apparently did not outlive her mother, Margaret Hamilton, Mistress of Castle Monea.
Thus Christopher and Mary had little if any inherited fortune to directly bequeath to their children. There is no record of Mary’s death or whether she ever re-married. Many of Christopher and Mary’s children died very young and only three (Paul, Elizabeth (2nd), and Martha) appear in Christopher’s will. His will was proved in the Clogher registry by his wife Mary.
A somewhat curious feature of the will is that he tried to regulate successions to a compensation grant made to his Mother-In-Law (Margaret Hamilton) for Gustavus Hamilton’s losses in the Revolution — but Margaret was still living when Christopher died.
There is much doubt as to whether Christopher’s family ever benefited at all from the modest compensation grant voted to the Hamilton’s by the Irish Parliament. It is fairly clear, however, that Christopher’s surviving son, Paul, obtained the Hamilton townland of Cosbytown located near Castle Monea. It is speculated that Paul was either bequeathed the land by Margaret Hamilton or purchased it with the small inheritance provided for him in Paul the Provost’s will, or acquired it via other means.
By whatever means that Christopher’s surviving son Paul acquired the townland of Cosbytown, we will see that his descendents continued to acquire and farm Fermanagh townlands in the vicinity of Castle Monea (to the west of Lough Erne and north of Enniskillen) for several generations.
The Provost’s grandson Paul (1709-1757), son of Christopher and Mary Hamilton Dane, obtained a wee bit of Hamilton farmland, a fine house and a fine spouse, Catherine Lipsett, who produced three fine sons; William, Richard and Thomas.
Family records cite a residence for Paul and Catherine Lipsett Dane of "Ballysawlly" which does not appear to be a ‘townland’ name. The supposition based on circumstantial evidence is that Ballysawlly may have been the name of a former ‘residence’ located within the 518 acre townland of Cosbytown. Cosbytown is located on the western shoreline of Lower Lough Erne, in the PLU of Enniskillen, civil parish of Inishmacsaint, barony of Magheraboy.
The Offspring of Paul and Catherine Lipsett Dane:
William (1744-1819) — Married Elizabeth Scott in 1801 and lived at Clarogh in the PLU of Enniskillen, civil parish of Inishmacsaint, barony of Magheraboy, a short distance from Cosbytown. The family records are silent on the question of whether they had any children.
Richard (date of birth/death unknown) — Married Hannah Lockhart, resided at Cosbytown near Inishmacsaint island about 5 miles from Monea.
John and Hannah had five sons; William, John, Matthew, Thomas and Arthur. His son, John, is also recorded as residing his entire life in Cosbytown and a very highly populated branch of the Danes of Enniskillen (many emigrating to Ontario, Canada, and the Antipodes trace their heritage through twice-married ‘John of Cosbytown.’
A pedigree prepared by John’s granddaughter, Emilie Dane of Belfast, in the early part of the 20th Century describing the descent of this branch from Paul the Provost was confirmed and endorsed by the Ulster King of Arms.
Thomas (1755-1830) — Married Elizabeth Buchanan and left Cosbytown to farm her family’s land in the townland of Drumboy. Drumboy is located in the PLU of Enniskillen, civil parish of Boho, barony of Clanawley. Drumboy is 166 acres in size situated about 4 miles southwest of Monea in the ‘wild west’ of Fermanagh.
Thomas is known in this branch as "Thomas of Cosbytown and Drumboy" or simply Thomas I. Thomas and Elizabeth produced nine children (6s, 3d) and the Danes of Boho, Gorrie and Pokeno [New Zealand] all issue and descend from this union. The children and grandchildren of Thomas and Elizabeth Buchanan Dane were part of the Irish generations that experienced the Potato Famine years and these Danes formed the greatest wave of the Diaspora of the Danes.
George (Dane) Elliot is a genealogical researcher who
published (1990) the book "History of the Parish of Devenish and Boho."
Much of what I know about the Danes of Boho (and Gorrie) comes from his
research. I had the pleasure of visiting Cousin George in 2005, at his
estate near Monea, and he gave me a windshield tour of the townland
homes of our forefathers and a copy of his book (signed by the author,
Cousin George (Dane) Elliot is the son of William Elliot and Elizabeth Dane. Elizabeth was the daughter of James Dane and Elizabeth Buchanan. James Dane was the son of John James Dane and Sarah Brakenreed. John James Danes was the son of Thomas II of Drumboy. Thomas II of Drumboy was the son of Thomas I of Cosbystown and Drumboy.
Thomas I and Elizabeth Buchanan Dane:
Thomas Dane/Deane/Dean, son of Paul Dane/Deane/Dean of Ballysawlly, married Elizabeth Buchanan and left his home in Cosbystown to farm her family’s land in the townland of Drumboy. He apparently lived a long but nevertheless quietly demanding life of a yeoman farmer.
Elizabeth Buchanan Dane (1766-1806) apparently lived a SHORT and quietly demanding life as the wife and brood mare of a yeoman farmer. Elizabeth died shortly after the birth of her youngest child (Margaret) and shortly before the death of her oldest child (Matthew). When Matthew died in 1807 the remaining seven children of his family ranged in age from 2 to 12 years old. Thomas Dane was 52 years old when Matthew died.
Thomas never re-married and would subsequently raise his remaining brood of seven to adulthood single-handedly over the next one and one-half decades.
The Children of Thomas (I) and Elizabeth:
Matthew - birth 1790, death aged 17 in 1807.
Elizabeth - birth 1794, married Richard Brooks (no date), believed to have emigrated to Scotland, (See brother William’s family), death 1859.
John - birth 1796, married Jane Vance (1800-1878) in 1821 in Aghavea Parish, emigrated to Canada in 1836 eventually settling in Gorrie, Howick Township, Huron County, Ontario. 8 children and multiple grand children, etc., death 1859.
William - birth 1798, married Mary Vance (1803-1874) in 1824 in Aghavea Parish. 10 children and multiple grandchildren, etc. William died at Maguiresbrige, Fermanagh in 1847. His widow, Mary with the surviving children emigrated to Glasgow, Scotland (1850) and eventually to Pokeno, New Zealand (1864).
George - birth 1801, graduate of TCD, married Barbara Elliott (1809-1888) before 1832 and emigrated to Canada in 1832 eventually settling in Gorrie, Howick Township, Huron County, Ontario. Seven children and multiple grand children, etc., death 2/23/1874.
Thomas II - birth 1804, stayed at Drumboy in the parish of Boho and took over the family farm. He married twice (names unknown), five children (2s, 3d) and multiple grand children, etc., dying in 1870. His eldest daughter, Mary Ann, lived 105 years, well into the early 20^th Century, and was present when my father George Dane of Killee was born to the wife (Mary Parker) of Mary Ann’s 60-year old nephew, my grandfather, John Dane.
Katherine (Kate) - birth 1804 (possible twin of Thomas II?), unmarried, death 1870
Christopher - birth (unknown) may have died young
Margaret - birth 1805, unmarried, death 1850.
For roughly 200 years the various branches of the Danes of Enniskillen largely lived within a 10-mile radius of Enniskillen. The pressures, demands and opportunities of the mid-1800s, however, drastically altered the status quo. Lord Belmore (another Dane cousin) in his "History of Two Ulster Manors" (1903) referred to migrants John, George and their large progeny as the "Danes of Gorrie" and referred to Thomas II and his large homebody progeny as the "Danes of Boho" (pronounced 'Bo').
With the recent addition of information regarding the descendents of William, I have followed Lord Belmore’s lead and taken the liberty of referring to William’s large migrant brood and progeny as the "Danes of Pokeno."
It appears, after centuries of sharing a common moment of sunset, that within a few short decades in the early to mid 1800s the clan had license to borrow the refrain re the British Empire and rightfully claim that the sun never sets on the Danes of Enniskillen.
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